Frost Orthodontics - Case Suty: Marcus (Adult Braces) BeforeFrost Orthodontics - Case Study: Marcus (Adult Braces) After

Marcus, a 52-year-old male, first visited our office in May of 2019. He suffered from a bite problem his whole life, and wanted to improve his confidence through orthodontic treatment. During his initial consultation at our St. Louis orthodontic office, Dr. Frost examined his smile, taking special note of misalignment and bite issues. After the initial steps were taken, Dr. Frost recommended adult braces to correct Marcus’ smile.

What is Adult Underbite?

Underbite is a fairly common condition affecting millions of adults in the United States. Many avoid treatment because they are either wary of the cost or are unaware of their options. However, it can be affordably corrected through orthodontics, regardless of its severity.

Also known as “prognathism” in the dental profession, underbite is a type of misalignment where the lower teeth overlap the upper teeth. In the vast majority of cases, underbite is either present at birth due to genetics or develops during early childhood.

Adult Braces

Although braces are traditionally used to correct children’s teeth, adults can also benefit. Marcus was ready to move forward with a healthy smile. His treatment recommendation from Dr. Frost was based upon a formal examination of his teeth, which included X-rays and a 3D impression from our newly developed iTero Element Plus Mobile Scanner.

What Are Braces?

Braces are orthodontic devices that help correct problems in the teeth, such as overcrowding, bite issues, crooked teeth, and more. As patients wear them, their teeth slowly straighten and align, creating a healthy smile. Marcus received traditional braces, which are metal brackets attached to the front of the teeth with flexible wires that hold the brackets together. Rubber bands are then used to link each bracket to the wire.

Braces Treatment

The process of braces treatment can take several months to a few years, depending on the severity of a patient’s condition. In Marcus’ case, we were happily surprised that his mouth and bite were corrected after just 20 months!

Every situation is unique, but the procedure to receive braces remains the same from one patient to the next. The steps include:

  • The orthodontist inserts a device to keep the mouth dry and the tongue in place.
  • An etchant is applied to the front surfaces of the teeth to prepare them for bonding.
  • A special adhesive is used to hold the brackets in place.
  • The adhesive is hardened and the bond is set through a curing light.
  • The orthodontist runs the wire through the brackets and places rubber bands to secure.

The appointment for placing braces lasts approximately 90 minutes to two hours total. In many cases, patients have about 4-8 weeks to familiarize themselves with the new devices before their next follow-up appointment.

Follow-up appointments are much faster than the initial procedure. Taking place regularly every month to every two months, the orthodontist analyzes your progress, as well as adjusts the wires and rubber bands during each appointment. Marcus visited our office routinely throughout his 20-month treatment for checkups and adjustments, resulting in the beautiful smile he has today!

When your braces treatment is complete, the devices are removed. During this procedure, the brackets come off easily, leaving behind a trace of bonding material. The orthodontist removes the excess materials and polishes your teeth’s enamel, leaving smooth and pearly whites. In many situations, patients receive a retainer to wear at night that helps their teeth “remember” the new placement.

Get Started With Your Adult Orthodontics Treatment Today

Receiving braces as an adult is not something to be ashamed of – rather, it’s a good thing. You’re improving your smile, confidence, and overall oral health. Marcus achieved significant results through his adult orthodontic treatment, and you can, too. When you visit our orthodontic office in St. Louis, you’ll receive the utmost care. It’s our goal to assist you in achieving your dream smile! Contact us today to schedule your initial consultation.

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Frost Orthodontics of St. Louis - Case Study: Mark (Adult Invisalign) Before Photo
Mark’s smile before Invisalign
Frost Orthodontics of St. Louis - Case Study: Mark (Adult Invisalign) - After Photo
Mark’s smile after Invisalign

Mark, a 51-year-old male, visited our St. Louis orthodontist office in September of 2020 for an initial consultation. He wished to improve the appearance of his teeth in addition to his self-confidence. During his first appointment, Dr. Frost studied Mark’s smile, taking note of misalignment and any issues with his bite. Photos were taken documenting his teeth before orthodontic treatment, and it was determined that his primary issue was overcrowding.

What is Crowding Teeth?

Crowded teeth, also referred to as a form of malocclusion (misalignment), occurs when there isn’t enough space in the mouth for permanent teeth to grow straight. Therefore, the teeth are crooked and overlap. Patients with crowded teeth can either have mild, moderate, or severe misalignment.

  • Mild crowding occurs when one tooth is slightly rotated in the upper or lower jaw.
  • Moderate crowding is characterized by two or three teeth that overlap in the upper and lower jaw. 
  • Severe crowding is seen in patients where most of their teeth are crooked and overlapping in the upper and lower jaw.

What Causes Crowded Teeth?

Overcrowding can be caused by a variety of factors, such as genetics, jaw size, and number of permanent teeth. Potential causes include:

  • When teeth are larger than the jaw bone as a result of genetics, they tend to misalign, overlap, and twist.
  • Those with genetically smaller jaws typically don’t have enough room to properly fit each permanent tooth as they develop.
  • Patients that lose primary (baby) teeth early have empty spaces that aren’t immediately filled by permanent teeth, and therefore are subject to movement.
  • On the other hand, some individuals retain their primary teeth longer than normal, thus suppressing the permanent structures beneath and affecting their development.

How to Fix Crowded Teeth

Braces

The traditional method of fixing crowded teeth is through braces. They consist of metal brackets that are glued to the teeth and connected by wire. The treatment requires regular orthodontic visits to tighten the hardware and therefore gradually move the teeth into their desired position. Length of treatment depends on each specific case.

Invisalign

An alternative to traditional braces, clear plastic aligners such as Invisalign are a more aesthetically pleasing and discreet way to straighten teeth. Although they are not 100% invisible, aligners are growing in popularity due to being less noticeable compared to braces. Mark underwent a 15-month Invisalign treatment, which transformed his overcrowded teeth into a straight, confident smile.

In addition to overcrowding, Invisalign can also treat spacing issues. However, more complex problems, such as those with the bite, will likely require more extensive orthodontic intervention. When you visit your orthodontist, they will be able to recommend the best treatment for your specific situation.

The Invisalign Process

The first step in Mark’s Invisalign treatment process was paying us a visit. Using the newly developed iTero Element Plus Mobile Scanner, Dr. Frost was able to create 3D impressions of Mark’s mouth without the traditional putty. Additionally, the latest technology will save the impressions forever, which allows patients like Mark to receive new treatments and trays without another consultation.

The impression was then used to create and implement a treatment regimen that included a series of customized plastic aligners that gradually moved Mark’s teeth over the 15-month time period. Gentle pressure was applied by the Invisalign with the goal of moving his teeth just enough to where the next aligner in the process would fit comfortably.

Mark was instructed to wear his Invisalign for at least 22 hours each day, only removing them when eating, drinking, or cleaning his teeth. Compared to braces, Mark could easily brush and floss his teeth without attempting to work around brackets and wires. Additionally, his ability to thoroughly clean his teeth allowed him to reduce his risk of gum disease. He was quite pleased with his treatment and results!

Contact our St. Louis Orthodontist Today

As you can see in our before and after photos, Mark’s smile greatly improved during his 15-month Invisalign treatment. His issue with dental crowding was solved through an attractive, effective, and minimally invasive process. Our team at Frost Orthodontics has helped thousands of patients like Mark across the St. Louis area improve their smiles, and we’ll do the same for you, too. Schedule your Invisalign consultation today, and experience the latest in scanning technology! We look forward to meeting you.

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The end of the year is fast approaching and just as quickly as the days are flying off the calendar, your insurance benefits could be going up in smoke.

So, ‘tis the season to use it or lose it. With most insurance plans, paid for benefits do not carry over from year to year. Not to mention, it would be best to have a dental checkup before the holidays get into full swing.

Typically, with all insurance policies the fees associated with them will rise each year. By taking advantage of your locked-in fee for this calendar year, you will end up saving yourself some money this holiday season.

Additionally, due to the fact that the year is coming to a close, odds are you have substantially paid down your insurance deductible. By paying for treatment this year, it will be much cheaper than waiting for the new year to start by having to pay down a fresh deductible.

Additionally, if your insurance policy operates on paid monthly premiums, why not take advantage of something you’ve already paid for by having some preventative care done or finish a procedure that’s been in the works for too long?  It just makes sense to set aside a few hours of your day and use what you’ve already paid for.

In the long run it will save you time by preventing further issues, save you money because your deductible will be lower, and potentially save you some serious physical agony in the year ahead.

If you have any questions about insurance benefits or how best to use them prior to the year end, contact Dr. Frost today at 314-720-1806 to discuss or to schedule your appointment.

From all of us at Frost Orthodontics, we’d like to wish you a happy and healthy new year!


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A technology like braces has long been dreamt about by humans hoping to achieve a perfect smile. Even Hippocrates and Aristotle wondered how to straighten teeth.

However, it wasn’t until the 1700s that advancements in straightening teeth were taken from ideas to actual devices. The oh-so-stylish French pioneered the first teeth straightening device. It looked like a horseshoe and sounds more like a torture device than anything, but it was believed to increase the arch of the mouth allowing more room for the teeth fill in to.

However, there was nothing to to pull the teeth with. Eventually, there were holes placed in the horseshoe-like device for wires which would be bound to the teeth and and tightened periodically. This tightening concept is very similar to the idea behind today’s braces.

As early as the 1800s, gum rubbers were used as bands to pull the teeth into place, and it wasn’t until the early 1900s that orthodontists implemented a crib construction with loops and hooks to pull the wires through. These hooks and loops were made of precious metals due to their incredible bendable nature.

In the 1960s, the braces of today finally began to take shape. Stainless steel became the industry standard material and in the 1970s, glued brackets on the front of the teeth became the standard. There were even braces that mounted behind the teeth, which served as the invisible braces of the time.

Now, with further advancements in orthodontics, invisible braces have become even more widespread. But instead of using brackets, these braces are clear and look more like a mouth guard. These invisible braces are known as Invisalign, and instead of having the wires tightened periodically, there is a series of thermoplastic aligners used to straighten your teeth.

If you have any questions about braces or Invisalign, we would love to give you more information! Call us today at (314) 567-1888 or schedule an appointment here!



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The day your bright and shiny new braces go on your teeth, you might not notice anything different other than having something strange attached to them. But as the days and weeks go by, having braces will seem like just a regular part of life. However, usually the second and third days after your braces have been applied, you might experience varying levels of soreness. Each patient will feel differently, but typically the soreness should subside after a few days.

After your teeth have gotten past the initial sore phase, your gums, cheeks, and tongue may develop sore spots. These will in time pass as well, but you can help prevent those sore spots by placing orthodontics wax over the brackets that are causing trouble in your mouth.

To apply the wax, start by washing your hands. Next, dry them and begin rolling the wax back and forth between your fingers to help loosen it up so that if can be applied easier. Once the wax is nice and loose, dry the brackets that you’re going to put the wax on so that it sticks better. Place the wax over the brackets so that the metal no longer sticks through and rub smooth. Orthodontics wax is there to help you through the adjustment period, so feel free to use it as you see fit.

Beyond the normal discomfort, eating with braces is going to be a new adventure for you. Start with foods that are soft and have a low level of acidity, as the acid could further irritate the sore spots in your mouth. Foods such as eggs, fish, pasta, potatoes, pancakes, waffles, yogurt, bananas, and milkshakes are great because they’re easy on your teeth. We also suggest that milk and water be consumed during this period, as the milk will help fortify your teeth and the water will keep your mouth and new braces clean.

Following each meal, it is important to brush your teeth and clear the braces of any debris. Not only is it good for your oral health, but you don’t want to walk around with spinach stuck in your braces all day either!

If you have any questions about braces or other orthodontic treatment options, simply fill out our appointment form or call Dr. Frost in Creve Coeur, MO at (314) 567-1888.


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Getting your braces tightened can be a little uncomfortable, especially the first couple of times you have it done. The discomfort means that your teeth are moving and the treatment is working!

But we know it can be kind of hard to focus on the long-term when your mouth is sore right now, so here are some tips to relieve some of the discomfort:

Over-the-counter pain relief medicine

Common over-the-counter pain medications like Advil or Tylenol can help with some of the mild pain that comes from getting your braces tightened. To get a jump on things, take a dose as recommended on the packaging an hour before your appointment, then as needed afterwards. Always stick to the directions!

Use an oral anesthetic

Special medications are available over-the-counter which can be applied directly to gums. These are nice because you can put the medication exactly where the discomfort is, but they may also not taste the greatest. Try it to see if this solution works for you.

Eat soft foods

Eating soft or liquid foods can really help in keeping discomfort down while your mouth is sore. Being smart about the foods you eat is important when you have braces. See this post for foods to avoid when you have braces.

Use an ice pack

Applying an ice pack to your cheek over the area that hurts can reduce pain and inflammation. This works in the same way as when you get a sprain or a bruise on another part of your body.

Drink cold water

Like an ice pack, drinking cold water is a cheap and effective way to numb your mouth and reduce any inflammation in the gums. Plus, it’s always a good idea to drink more water!

If you have any more questions about having braces, contact Dr. Frost’s office!


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Before you get braces or consider Invisalign, there are a lot of questions that you want—and need—to ask yourself. How the treatment will be paid for is often the first question to come up, and it’s important to know your options before you get started. Here are some common questions patients ask:

Does insurance cover braces?

It depends. Every patient’s insurance is just as different as every patient’s treatment plan. Some insurance plans have separate orthodontic coverage, some will only cover certain types of treatment under certain circumstances, and some plans may cover little to no part of the cost of orthodontia.

However, insurance companies are generally more sympathetic to issues that cause pain or discomfort which could be corrected with braces or another orthodontic treatment. It all depends on your insurance and your treatment needs. When you call our office or come in for your first visit, we will review your case and your insurance to see how much of the treatment will be covered.

Can I finance my orthodontic treatment?

Absolutely. We offer financing along with several other payment options. Just like your treatment plan, we will work out a payment solution that works best for you.

How much do braces cost?

It’s difficult to say. Every patient has different wants and needs, the details of which will determine the final cost of treatment. When you contact us, we will be able to give you a more detailed estimate once we have some more information about you, your needs, and your insurance.

Does Invisalign cost more than braces?

The cost of Invisalign compared to braces is pretty even. On average, Invisalign tends to cost a little more, but not by very much. Again, it will all depend on your unique situation, so schedule a free consultation to get a more solid and detailed estimate.

>>Click here to schedule an appointment!


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Braces can be stressful, but picking out the color of your rubber bands is the fun part! Colored bands can be used to show off your personality and compliment outfits, while some colors can even make your teeth look whiter.

So, how do you choose the color of your braces, and which color rubber bands make your teeth look whiter?

As an experienced St. Louis Orthodontist, we’ve put together the following guide below! For more information on braces, or to schedule an appointment, contact Frost Ordonthics today.

What Braces Color Should I Get?

Originally, braces were made out of thick, bulky metal; today’s braces are lightweight and come in a variety of colors, from gold to blue to pink and purple. With so many options to choose from, it can be difficult to choose just one!

When picking out the color of your braces, start by thinking of your favorite colors – take a look at your closet and see which color you have the most of. This can be helpful, as you can match your brace’s color to your wardrobe or choose a contrasting shade that suits your style.

What Color Rubber Bands Make Your Teeth Look Whiter?

It can be difficult to choose a rubber band color that matches your style and makes your teeth look their best. Not to mention, different colors work better on people with different hair colors, skin tones, and even eye colors.

When choosing rubber bands for your braces, there are certain colors to avoid and certain colors that can make your teeth look whiter. If you want whiter-looking teeth, you should avoid the following braces colors:

  • White/Gold/Clear – can make your teeth look dull or yellow
  • Green – could be mistaken for food stuck in your teeth
  • Brown – could make your teeth appear yellowed and dirty
  • Black – mimics rotten, decayed teeth

These rubber band colors can make your teeth stand out and look whiter than ever:

  • Dark Blue – the contrast of dark navy bands can make the whiteness of your teeth pop
  • Pink/Purple/Red – if you want a fun, positive color, bright pink, deep purple, and vibrant red compliment both lighter/dark skin tones perfectly
  • Orange/teal – neon and bright orange/teal bands let you showcase your personality and make your smile stand out

These are just some of the rubber band colors that can make your teeth look whiter and more vibrant. For more information on our braces colors, call Frost Orthodontics today at (314) 567-1888.

Interested in Learning More About Braces?

Your rubber bands can be any color you like, but the best way to keep your teeth looking and feeling their best is to keep up good hygiene like brushing and flossing twice a day and visiting the orthodontist every 6-8 weeks to maintain your braces and oral hygiene.

If you want to learn more about braces or would like to schedule an orthodontics appointment, contact Frost Orthodontics today.




We’ve talked before about how much your smile can affect your confidence. Usually patients get braces or Invisalign because they want to feel more confident or comfortable with their teeth. But things were not always this easy. Years ago, dentistry was often painful and uncomfortable and some treatments almost did more harm than good.

It’s well-known that George Washington had false teeth, but somehow the legend is that they were made of wood. In fact, his dentures survive and are kept in the museum at his house at Mount Vernon. The teeth in the dentures are real, taken from animals and other humans. They were set in iron and hinged with springs which creaked and were extremely uncomfortable.

The effect on Washington’s confidence was devastating. He rarely smiled or laughed and became more reclusive in his later years as a result of his embarrassment. It’s sad to think that such a great man was so troubled by his teeth, but that’s part of what life was like in his time.

Fortunately, dentistry and orthodontics have come miles and miles since Washington’s day. Today he would have many painless and comfortable options for fixing his dental problems and he would have without a doubt felt more confident with a straight, well-fitting, natural-looking smile.

Orthodontic treatments like Invisalign and modern braces are easier than ever to use. Invisalign can even be fitted and adjusted digitally, erasing the slight discomfort of the old molding process. Braces today are also less obstructive and more comfortable to wear than they have ever been and they can correct a huge variety of orthodontic issues.

The next time you wish you lived in the past, remember how good our bodies (including our teeth) have it now! To know more about orthodontic treatment in St. Louis, all you have to do is call Dr. Andy Frost for a free consultation. We will examine your specific smile and thoroughly explain your treatment options. Simply fill out our appointment form or call us at (314) 567-1888.




Invisalign is in the news again, but this time it’s for a fairly odd reason: copyright laws. It turns out that a competitor of Invisalign sends its digital images electronically to and from Pakistan to be processed, which Invisalign says is a breach of its copyright.

Invisalign’s parent company, Align Technology, Inc., said that because the digital impressions are sent to technicians in Pakistan and back to Houston to be made, they count as imports even if they are sent electronically.

Google and the movie industry have clashed over this issue in the past and remain major players in the ongoing legal battle. Google maintains that digital property should be excluded from the same rules as physical media due to legal precedent. The movie industry and others argue the opposite, that digital media should be treated the same as physical media because the data being sent and received is essentially the same.

In this case, the judge involved in the case ruled in Invisalign’s favor and found that the transmissions were imports, meaning Invisalign’s competitor violated Invisalign’s patents. However, the arguments are ongoing. The questions involved are broad and wide-ranging, affecting entire industries and individuals at the same time, all with a medium that is very difficult to control or regulate. That means there probably won’t be a final decision on the issue for a long while.

Invisalign remains America’s top choice for straightening teeth without braces. Dr. Andy Frost in Creve Coeur, MO has years of experience treating patients with Invisalign. And by using new technology like our iTero scanner, getting Invisalign has never been faster or more comfortable.

Call us today for a free consultation or an appointment at (314) 567-1888, or contact us online. Whether you’re thinking about braces or Invisalign, we will be able to determine the best treatment for your unique smile.


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